programme of landscape archaeology can work without using maps in a
variety of ways. Some of them are historic and give insights into
earlier use of the landscape, others are simply practical aids to
getting around whilst perhaps the most important ones record the
unfolding series of discoveries as the work in the garden gradually
uncovers its secrets!
of the difficulties in working on such a large complex site is
keeping track of where you are. Here is an early attempt to relate
features from an early OS map to the current National Grid. Each small
square represents an area 10 metres by 10 metres whilst the larger
squares are 10,000 square metres or one hectare, a hectare is just
under two and half acres. Initially we will be using this grid to
describe the location of our stone samples.
course if you want to have a conversation about a particular location,
"Where are you going to be working this afternoon?", using grid
references is a little cumbersome so we have agreed with Christopher
and Rowena on what to call the different parts of the garden. The
nomenclature is largely based on custom and practice as codified in an
estate map drawn up by a friend of theirs, Sarah Ormrod (see below).
Thanks to the good offices of a local company Msurv
we were able to establish a series of control points which will enable
us to undertake a detailed survey of the archaeology and link it
closely with the national grid. Here is the print out:
A copy of Sarah's map of the gardens dated 2006, many thanks to her for permission to reproduce this map.
The next two maps take details from a pair of farm surveys by one Will Leonard, undertaken in 1799
as part of the 'Valuation of the Estates, Property of the Countess of
Dorset' in the Oxfordshire Record Office and superimpose field
boundaries and names on the current OS map. Not a bad match.